Disorders and DiseasesGeneral Health Issues

Warts: Causes, Types, Treatment, Removal

What are Warts? Meaning, Types, Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatments, Removal process and Complications of Warts.

What are warts?

Warts are a small growth which is flesh-colored, tan, pink, or white and feels like a grainy bump on the skin caused by the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV).

Human Papilloma Virus can spread from person to person by direct contact or through contact with an object that was used by a person affected by the virus. It can be spread across the body of a person.

There are more than 100 types of Human Papilloma Virus responsible to cause this condition.

How do warts occur?

Warts occur when the Human Papilloma virus (HPV) comes in contact with your skin and causes an infection.

It is especially easy for this virus to enters to the body if there is broken skin anywhere, such as picked hangnails or areas nicked by shaving.

When the virus enters the top layer of skin through scratches or cuts the infection starts and leads to Warts.

Type of Warts

There are different types of wart based on how they look and which parts of the body they appear in:

Common warts:

It is most often occur on the hands, and are rough, dome-shaped, and gray-brown.

Plantar warts:

It grows on the soles of the feet and is hard and thick with dark specks. They may be painful when you walk.

Flat warts:

It grows on the face, arms, and legs. They are small, have flat tops, and maybe light yellow, brown, or pink.

Filiform warts:

It grows on the face, usually around the mouth, nose, or chin. They are the looks similar in color as the skin, but they have thread-like growths sticking out of them.

Periungual warts:

It occurs under and around the fingernails and toenails.

Causes of Warts

Wars occur due to Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). If you have any of the above types of Wart then you might be in contact of wart-causing virus in past. 

Who is prone to warts?

Except for children, teenagers and people with a weakened immune system, there are certain things people do, which can make them prone to warts such as:

  • Sharing items with people who are already affected by wart, such as combs, files, pumice stones. 
  • Biting nails
  • Grooming areas with wart like brushing, combing and then touching other parts of the body
  • Picking on wart can spread HPV Virus

Symptoms of Warts

Small pulpy grainy growth bumps on the skin which is flesh-colored, tan, pink, or white colored.

Diagnosis of Warts

Any General physician can diagnose this condition by :

  • examining the wart containing body part
  • scraping off the uppermost layer of the wart to find out signs of clotted blood vessels, which appear as dark, pinpoint dots that is common with wart.
  • removing part of the wart  for biopsy to check out any other skin condition

Complications of Warts

  • Pain and irritation
  • Malignant changes
  • Poor self-confidence as it affects the appearance
  • Cervical or other cancers

Treatment of Warts

Wart generally go away on their own, but sometimes they can be stubborn and stick for a long time.

Typically Doctor Prescribes some topical applications. but, if the condition is severe then the doctor may suggest these techniques:


Liquid nitrogen is used to remove the wart.

Laser therapy

Used to destroy the wart through this technique.

Heat treatment

 Electrocautery or loop electrosurgical excision procedures.


In surgery, the wart is cut off surgically which may leave a scar.


  • Wash hand Regularly
  • Cover the infected area with a bandage.
  • Use Hand sanitizer
  • Keep hand and feet dry

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