Disorders and Diseases

Polyps: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

What is Polyps? Meaning, Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Complication, Treatment and Home remedy of Polyps...

What are Polyps?

Polyps are the abnormal tissue growths that generally appear as small, flat bumps or small versions of the mushroom stalks.

Most of the polyps tend to be small in size and are typically less than half an inch wide in dimension.

Polyps that develop in the colon tend to be the most common occurrences. However, polyps can also develop in other parts of the body such as the uterus, nose, throat, ear canal, stomach, and cervix.

Most of the polyps tend to be non-cancerous (benign). However, because they occur because of abnormal cell growth, the polyps may eventually become cancerous or malignant.

In this case, the doctor can help in determining whether or not the growth of the polyp is malignant by performing a proper biopsy test of the same.

This process would involve taking a small sample of the polyp tissue and examine it in the laboratory under a microscope for the presence of any cancerous cell growth.

The overall treatment for the polyps in different parts of the body would depend on the factors such as its location, the overall size, and whether or not they are cancerous.


How do Polyps Occur?

The overall causes of polyps are greatly depending on the location of the same. For example, throat polyps usually occur because of some injury caused because of loud shouting or some damage from the breathing tube.

In few cases, the doctors are simply not able to determine the given cause or reason for the occurrence of the polyps.

Some of the most known causes of the polyps in different parts of the body are:

  • A cyst
  • Inflammation
  • A tumour
  • Some foreign object
  • Excess production of estrogen hormone
  • Chronic stomach inflammation
  • Mutation of the genes in the colon cells

The polyps tend to grow by the process of the rapid division of the cells –thus, it is very much similar to the growth of the cancer tumours.

This is the only reason why there is always a fear of the polyps becoming benign or cancerous in some typical cases.


What are the Symptoms of Polyps?

The polyps symptoms are much depending on the specific type and location of the polyps development.

Here are few polyps symptoms to check out for:

Aural polyps

Cervical polyps

  • Unusual discharge from the cervix
  • Heavier bleeding during menstruation and sex

Colon (Colorectal) Polyps

Nasal Polyps

  • Bleeding from the nasal chambers
  • Nausea
  • Pain

Throat Polyps

  • Hoarse or breathy voice

Bladder Polyps

  • Painful urination
  • Frequent urination
  • Blood in urine

How are Polyps Diagnosed?

Towards diagnosing whether or not the patient has polyps in any given region, the doctor will perform a physical examination and inquire about his overall medical history and polyps symptoms.

If the doctor doubts that he has polyps, then some of the diagnostic tests of the affected area he or she will suggest, Such as…

  • X-rays
  • CT scans
  • Ultrasound

When it is confirmed that the patient has polyps, then the doctor may wish to perform a biopsy towards finding out whether or not the polyp is cancerous or non-cancerous.


What are the Complications of Polyps?

The complications linked with polyps would generally depend on the specific location of the polyps.

For Example, in the case of nasal polyps, the complications may include asthma, sinus infection, allergies, or cystic fibrosis.

For colon polyps, the complications may include risks to developing colon cancer, and so more.


Who is on high risk to Polyps?

Individual who have the habit of smoking on a regular basis are on high risk to developing polyps, especially bladder polyps.

Similarly, women who are above the age of forty years and women who have had children are more prone to develop uterus polyps.

For cervical polyps, women who are above the age of twenty years are more at risk –especially those who are in the stage of pre-menopause.

People who are in the habit of stressing the vocal chords or have a condition like acid reflux are more prone to developing throat polyps.


What is the Treatment for Polyps?

Some of the polyps that are mild or quite small may not require proper treatment. Mostly, the throat polyps tend to go away on their own with some rest and voice therapy.

The treatment for other different types of polyps would depend on factors such as location, size, number of polyps, and whether or not they are cancerous.

In the case of the colon polyps, the doctor can suggest the removal of the polyps using the process of colonoscopy to prevent any further risk for the development of colon cancer in the future.

In the other cases, the doctor can also suggest some specific medication to remove the polyps naturally.


Home Remedies for Polyps

The home remedies for treating polyps will depend on the factors like specific type & location of the polyps.

For example, nasal polyps can be treated with the help of a natural substance such as turmeric, garlic, and tea tree oil.


Some facts of Polyps

  • The throat polyps are the most common type of polyps.
  • Polyps are most commonly benign.
  • Colon polyps have higher risks to becoming cancerous.

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