Disorders and DiseasesInsomnia

Insomnia Causes

Causes of Chronic and Acute Insomnia, Check all possible reasons why Insomnia occurs !

Insomnia Causes : Insomnia may be the primary problem, as well as it may be associated with other conditions.

Insomnia causes varies in how long it lasts and how often it occurs. It can be short-term called acute insomnia. Or can last a long time called chronic insomnia.

Acute insomnia can last from one night to a some weeks while chronic least three nights a week for a month or longer.

Chronic type of insomnia is usually a result of stress, life events or habits that disrupt sleep. Treating the underlying cause can resolve the insomnia, but sometimes it can last for many years.

The causes of your insomnia will depend on the type of sleeplessness you may experience.

Common causes of chronic insomnia include:


Concerns about your work, school, health, finances or family can keep your mind active at night, making it difficult to sleep. Stressful life events or trauma for example, death or illness of a loved one, divorce, or a job loss may lead to insomnia.

Sleep habits

Poor sleep habits like irregular bedtime schedule, naps, stimulating activities before bed, an uncomfortable sleep environment, and using your bed for work, eating or watching TV till late. Computers, TVs, video games, smart phones or others just before bed can interfere with your sleep cycle.

Extended travel or Work schedule

Hectic work schedule ruins your routine cycle of sleeping clock and it also affects your health as well as metabolism. Shift changes may also be reason.

Heavy or much food late in the evening

Having a light food before bedtime is OK, but eating too much may cause you to feel physically uncomfortable while lying down. Many people also experience conditions like heartburn, a backflow of acid / Acid reflux and food from the stomach into the esophagus after eating, which may keep you awake.

Chronic insomnia may also be associated with medical conditions or the use of some drugs. Treating the medical condition may help improve sleep, but the insomnia may persist even after the medical condition improves.

Additional common causes of insomnia include:

Mental health disorders

Anxiety disorders, such as post-traumatic stress disorder, may also disrupt your sleep. Awakening too early may be a sign of depression.

Medical conditions

Examples of conditions linked with insomnia are chronic pain, cancer, diabetes, heart disease, asthma, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), overactive thyroid, Parkinson’s disease and Alzheimer’s disease.


Many prescription medications can interfere with sleep, such as certain antidepressants and medications for asthma or blood pressure. Many OTC medications such as some pain medications, allergy and cold medications, and weight loss products which contain caffeine and other stimulants that can disrupt sleep.

Caffeine, nicotine and alcohol.

Coffee, tea, cola and other caffeinated drinks are examples of stimulants. Drinking them in the late afternoon or evening may keep you from falling asleep at night. Tobacco products is also stimulant that can interfere with sleep. Alcohol can help you fall asleep, but it prevents deeper stages of sleep and often causes awakening in the middle of the night.

Sleep-related disorders

Restless legs syndrome may causes unpleasant sensations in your legs and an almost irresistible desire to move them, which may prevent you from falling asleep.


Insomnia and aging

Insomnia is more common with age. As you get older, you may experience following conditions:

  • Sleep pattern Change
  • Changes in routine activity
  • Changes in health condition
  • More medications

All these thing may result in Insomnia, some time it may be acute or chronic in some cases.

Insomnia in children and teens

Sleep problems may be a concern for some children and teenagers as well. However, some children and teens simply have trouble getting to sleep or resist a regular bedtime due to their internal clocks are more delayed. They intentionally want to go to bed later and sleep later in the morning.

Risk factors for insomnia

  • high stress
  • Depression
  • Money related problem
  • Excess Travelling
  • Night shift / shift rotation
  • Hormonal shifts in women
  • Menstrual cycle
  • Aging

Also read : Alprazolam , Diazepam

Warning : This article is for information purpose only, always consult your doctor for such condition.

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