Ibuprofen is a painkiller drug available through over the counter (OTC) without a prescription. It belongs to a group of painkillers NSAIDs called non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
Ibuprofen is Prescribed to relieve pain from various conditions such as headache, menstrual cramps, muscle aches, dental pain or arthritis.
It is also used to reduce fever effects and to relieve minor aches and pain due to the common cold or flu.
Ibuprofen Classification and General Details.
- Category : Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAIDs)
- Schedule : Schedule “H”
- Prescription : Required
- Legal Status : Approved
- Available as : Tablets ( 200mg, 400mg, 600mg, 800mg), Capsules, Liquid, Gels, Creams, Spray
- Common Brands : Brufen, Advil, Motrin, Nuprin
Description of Ibuprofen
Ibuprofen is Prescribed to relieve pain in the conditions like..
- Rheumatoid Arthritis
It is also Given to treat mild to moderate fever.
Do not take this medicine if you have any of the following..
- Bleeding disorder
- known allergy.
In some products ibuprofen is combined with other Drugs for combined therapy like cold and flu.
Uses of Ibuprofen
Why Ibuprofen is prescribed for?
Fever and Pain
Mainly Ibuprofen is given to treat headache, back pain, and fever.
Ibuprofen is used to treat conditions like tender and painful joints associated with Osteoarthritis.
Ibuprofen is prescribed to relieve excessive pain and cramps during menstruation.
Ibuprofen is also given to treat symptoms like swelling, pain, and stiffness of joints associated with Rheumatoid Arthritis.
In General, it is used for below conditions :
- Ease mild to moderate pain like toothache, migraine .
- Control a high temperature when someone has the flu
- Reduce pain and inflammation caused by conditions that affect the joints, bones and muscles
- Relieve from pain and swelling due to sprains and strains – such as sports injuries
How to use Ibuprofen?
Read the label on packaging before taking medication.
Read the Medication Guide provided by your provider before you start taking ibuprofen If your doctor has prescribed this medication.
Take this medication orally, usually every 4 to 6 hours with a glass of water.
Do not lie down for at least 15 minutes after taking ibuprofen.
If you have stomach upset during taking this medication, take it with or after food, milk, or an antacid like Pentoprazole, Rabeprazole etc..
The dose is based on your condition or as per the Doctors guideline
When ibuprofen is given to children, the dose is depending on the child’s weight .
Side effects / Adverse Effects
what are the Major & minor side effects for Ibuprofen?
- Acid or sour stomach
- Nausea and Vomiting
- Abdominal discomfort
- Decreased urine output
- Skin rash
- Yellow colored eyes or skin
- Ringing or buzzing in the ears
- Loss of appetite
- Running Nose
- Kidney failure
When not to use?
Contraindications of Ibuprofen
- Allergy to Ibuprofen or other NSAIDs
- Asthmatic Condition
- Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery
- Gastro-intestinal bleeding
What special precautions should I follow?
Before taking Ibuprofen :
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to Ibuprofen or other NSAIDs or if you have any other allergies.
Tell your doctor about your medical condition or history like ..
- Blood disorders like Anemia
- Heart disease
- High blood pressure,
- Liver disease,
- Throat/stomach/intestinal problems like bleeding, heartburn, ulcers
Ibuprofen may cause stomach bleeding. Daily use of alcohol and tobacco combined with this drug, may increase the risk for stomach bleeding.
This drug may make you feel dizziness, Alcohol / Wines can make you more drowsy.
Dosage and Administration of Ibuprofen
The Ibuprofen Dosage will depend on:
- Your age ( Child / Adult / Infant etc)
- Which condition is being treated
- How severe your medical condition is
- Any other medical conditions if you have
- How your body reacts to the first dose
Adults can generally take one or two 200 mg tablets every 4 to 6 hours at a limit of maximum 1200 mg for 24 hours at regular interval.
Children under 16 years may need to take a lower dose depending on their age and need or as per directed by Healthcare practitioners.
While Missed Dose
The missed dose can be taken as soon as you know that dose is missed but skip the dose if next dose time is near to another dose.
Seek emergency medical help or contact the doctor / Practitioner in case of overdose.
Interaction of Ibuprofen
Drug/Food/Alcohol interactions may change “how your medications work” or “increase the risk for serious side / Adverse effects”.
Ibuprofen may interact differently for person to person and condition to condition.
You should ask for all the possible interactions with doctor before starting any medicine.
Interaction with Alcohol : MODERATE
Drinking alcohol/Wine with this drug may increases the risks of stomach bleeding.
Ibuprofen should not be taken with alcohol / Before or after alcohol .
If you find symptoms of stomach bleeding like presence of dried and coffee colored blood in cough or stools then you should get immediate medical help.
Interaction with Medicine
- Antihypertensives : MODERATE
- Corticosteroids : MODERATE
- Aspirin : SEVERE
- Methotrexate : SEVERE
It may also interact with many other drugs, including:
Asthma : SEVERE
Do not take Ibuprofen if you have NSAID related asthma. This type of history should be reported to the doctor so that appropriate substitution can be provided.
Fluid Retention and edema : SEVERE
Ibuprofen should be taken by Doctors consultation only. Monitoring of blood pressure(BP) and heart conditions is necessary on a regular interval While the course of this therapy.
Skin rash : SEVERE
Ibuprofen can be a cause of some fatal skin allergies having a Signs and symptoms like
Not reported but still it depends on person to person, so consult your doctor for more information
Ibuprofen During Pregnancy
Ibuprofen is not recommended for pregnant women .
Ideally, pregnant women should not consume ibuprofen until and unless a doctor recommends and prescribes it or benefits overcomes the risk.
Doctor may prescribe Paracetamol as an Alternative during pregnancy.
Ibuprofen During Breast Feeding
Small amounts of Ibuprofen may appear in breast milk, so it do not cause any harmful effect to your baby during you’re breastfeeding.
But recommended to consult a Doctor before taking this drug while breast feeding.
Ibuprofen for children
Ibuprofen can be given to children beyond age of three months or who have weigh at least 5 Kgs to relieve
Pediatric Doctor may Prescribe ibuprofen for younger children in cases like Vaccination in case of Paracetamol doesn’t work.
Ibuprofen is not allowed in patients with recent heart surgery.
This Drug may cause severe bleeding when taken for a long duration. Elderly peoples with the history of the gastrointestinal disease are on the higher risk. Any symptoms including blood in stools and vomiting should be informed to the doctor immediately.
Impaired kidney function
This medicine may cause kidney injury. Regular and close monitoring of kidney function is necessary.
This Drug is not recommended in patients with asthmatic condition or having allergy to aspirin or other NSAIDs
Impaired liver function
Ibuprofen may cause liver injury. Monitoring of Liver functions may required during therapy.
How Ibuprofen works?
Ibuprofen belongs to a Category of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID).
This medicine works by blocking the release of particular chemical messengers that are responsible for fever, pain and inflammation.
Expert Advice for Ibuprofen
Ibuprofen is prescribed to relieve pain and inflammation.
Take it with or after food or milk or some antacids to prevent upset stomach.
Always take it as per the dose and duration prescribed by doctor.
Long term use of this medication may cause some serious complications such as stomach bleeding and kidney problems.
Do not take antacids within two hours of taking Ibuprofen.
Avoid consuming alcohol/Beer while taking Ibuprofen as it may increase the risk of stomach problems.
Strictly inform your doctor if you have a history of heart disease or stroke.
Your doctor should regularly monitor kidney function, liver function and levels of blood components during Ibuprofen therapy.
Other Important Details
Onset of action (duration of time it takes for a drug’s to come in effects)
The effect of this medicine can be observed in 30 to 60 minutes after administration.
Duration of effect
The effect of this medicine lasts for an average 4 – 6 Hours.
Is it habit forming medicine?
No habit forming occurrence has been reported.
storage and disposal
Store it at room temperature and away from excess heat and moisture and importantly keep out of reach of children.
Commonly Asked Questions / FAQs
Is Ibuprofen safe?
Can I take Ibuprofen with Betahistine drugs?
Can I take Ibuprofen with Tamsulosin or with paracetamol?
Can I take Ibuprofen with rabeprazole or other Antacid?
Can I take Ibuprofen with famotidine?
Read Other NSAIDs – Aceclofenac